admin199 | August 31, 2018 | 4 | Fitness

Welcome to the world of unlimited possibilities of functional work with the body! If you think that everything has been said about functional training, let me show you that you are sliding on the surface of this vast issue. I myself, teaching functional approach in Poland for over 10 years, still have moments when I do great eyes and I see something that was out of my field of vision before.

These are usually obvious things, sometimes technical nuances. This is what I would call learning a “language” in which the body of our client (or patient) tells about itself through movement. “Let The Movement Do The Talking” sounds like one of my favorite quotations. The moments when we begin to understand the body’s alphabet give us the confidence that the exercises we offer our clients are exactly what this particular case needs.


Traffic knows no borders. A functional approach allows us to have unlimited ways to train and play. But how do you find yourself in this great landscape of movement, multijoint exercise and the innumerable degrees of freedom that the human body is capable of?

You need a map of something that you “bring” to the customer and the shortest way to your destination appears in your head. And even if we don’t get to the exercise (which happens), the level of difficulty of a given movement will be lowered by one and we will be back on the right track.

This map is the spectrum of motion, i.e. such a functional abbey (Photo 1). It contains universal principles of developing physical fitness and the key to the individual needs of each person. It is a set of basic movement patterns, their most important regressions, and progressions as well as standard positions – a total of about 500 exercises. They are the core of the training system at the BODYWORK┬« Centre and the main idea we convey during our functional training sessions.


However, functional training in Poland does not always go in the right direction. Among the personal trainers working in the model of movement, we can distinguish several examples of incomplete adaptation to the current knowledge. The first group consists of trainer cyclists who like to combine exercises equivalent to calisthenics.

They and their customers have a lot of coordination and injury. The second group consists of trainers from functional equipment, e.g. Kettlebells or TRX. They often have a great deal of knowledge about the technique of exercises, which unfortunately take place mainly in one plane of movement. They and their customers have a lot of power and a lot of overloads. Another group is specialists in movement patterns.

They see mainly compensations, which fight with rollers and lectures on anatomy. They and their customers feel great, but they are generally weak. The last class of coaches is also specialists – this time in motors. They know the specificity of the sport they are involved in and are good coaches. They and their clients move efficiently in three-dimensional space, have the most flexibility and often poor general preparation.


Each of these coach attitudes has its own advantages and disadvantages. Listing the advantages, we can list the most important goals of functional training, i.e. coordination, strength, quality of movement and flexibility. In order to achieve these goals, we use different and often specialized training methods. Here is a list of some of the most common methods that fulfill important tasks, but can become a brake on the development of many personal trainers:

I must admit that I went through each of the above stages myself to see that I saw only a fragment of reality. This is because the functional training courses I took part in teach mainly methods that are often very synthetic and sometimes very specialized. This creates another misconception related to the collection of techniques by traffic specialists, and not in an attempt to understand the universal principles of developing physical fitness (Figure 1). The point is that we attach ourselves to some magical method and do not wonder whether it is good for this particular client and when its use makes real sense.


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